Wines of Bourgogne with Geographical Denomination, Quick Facts (WSET 4 Series)

I’m documenting my revision notes for the WSET 4 Diploma. These are intended mainly for me, so please don’t be overly reliant on any of it for your studies! Info may also be out of date…

Bourgogne Wines with Geographical Denomination

Bourgogne Wines by Region/Appellation

Bourgogne has 5* wine producing regions:

  • Chablis and Grand Auxerrois (along the Rivers Armancon (north-east, nr Tonnerre), Serein (central Chablis) and Yonne (south west in Auxxerois)).
  • *Chatillonais (additional region, located in north-east Bourgogne around the town of Chatillon-sur-Saone).
  • Cote de Nuits (north, near Dijon, and includes Nuits-St-Georges).
  • Cote de Beaune (south of Nuits around the town of Beaune).
  • Cote Challonaise (central Bourgogne, most of the vines and appellations are located west of Chalon-sur-Saone).
  • Maconnais (south Bourgogne, stretching west of the River Saone and around the town of Macon).

In Bourgonge, the 33 Grand Crus account of 2% of production, the 44 Village AOCs account for 50%, and the 7 Regional AOCs account for 48% of production. These 7 Regional AOCs are:

  • Bourgogne
  • Bourgogne Aligote
  • Cremant de Bourgogne
  • Coteaux Bourguignon
  • Bourgogne Passe-tout-gains
  • Macon
  • Bourgogne Mousseux

Bourgogne AOC and Macon AOC may have a geographical denomination i.e. Bourgogne + Bourgogne with an additional geographical denomination.

The benefits of geographical denomination are: the notion of terroir, development of quality in representing a rigorous approach, and competitive response to consumer expectations, “delivering pleasure at an affordable price”, acc to the BIVB.

Selected notable* Regionale AOCs in Bourgogne with geographical denomination

*Reference material: Bureau Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bourgogne. For more info go to their amazing website www.bourgogne-wines.com

Bourgogne

75% of the total surface area of “identified Bourgogne” (aka Bourgogne with geographical denomination) is planted with red or rose wines. The reds are made from Pinot Noir and the white wines from Chardonnay or Pinot Blanc. Rose is also made from Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris.

In the Grand Auxerrois region only, red and rose wines can be complemented with Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris or Cesar varietals.

Chablis, Grand Auxerrois and Chatillonnais

  • Bourgogne Chitry
  • Bourgogne Coulanges-la-Vineuse
  • Bourgogne Epineuil
  • Bourgogne Tonnerre
  • Bourgogne Saint-Jacques
  • Bourgogne Cotes d’Auxerre

Cote de Nuits and Hautes Cotes de Nuits

  • Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Beaune
  • Bourgogne Le Chapitre
  • Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Nuits
  • Bourgogne Montrecul (or Montre-Cul, or En Montre-Cul)
  • Bourgogne Cote d’Or

Cotes de Beaune and Hautes Cotes de Beaune

  • Bourgogne Cote Chalonnaise
  • Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Beaune
  • Bourgogne Le Chapelle Notre-Dame
  • Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Nuit
  • Bourgogne Cote d’Or

Cote Chalonnaise and Cotes du Couchois

  • Bourgogne Cotes Chalonnaise
  • Bourgogne Cotes du Couchois
  • Bourgogne Cote d’Or

Macon

91% of the surface area of Macon with geographical denomination AOCs are planted with Chardonnay, producing white wine. Gamay is used for reds.

The terroir is made up of limestone, marl-limestone, or calciferous soils, especially used for growing Chardonnay. Some clay or siliceous soils and siliceous terrain on granite or volcanic subsoil, mainly used for growing Gamay vines.

  • Macon-Lugny (475 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Chardonnay (212 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Peronne (96 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-La Roche Vineuse (86 hectares, 81 white, 5 red)
  • Macon-Aze (84 hectares, 68 white, 16 red)
  • Macon-Ige (65 hectares, 47 white, 18 red)
  • Macon-Charnay-les-Macon (64 hectares, 60 white, 4 red)
  • Macon-Pierreclos (58 hectares, 27 white, 31 red)
  • Macon-Chaintre (57 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Verze (55 hectares, 48 white, 7 red)
  • Macon-Milly-Lamartine (51 hectares, 42 white, 9 red)
  • Macon-Fuisse (46 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Uchizy (45 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Cruzille (43 hectares, 32 white, 11 red)
  • Macon-Solutre-Pouilly (40 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Bussieres (32 hectares, 27 white, 5 red)
  • Macon-Vinzelles (30 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Prisse (27 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Serrieres (27 hectares, all red)
  • Macon-Mancey (23 hectares, 12 white, 11 red)
  • Macon-Loche (21 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Davaye (19 hectares, 16 white, 3 red)
  • Macon-Vergisson (13 hectares, all white)
  • Macon-Bray (12 hectares, 7 white, 5 red)
  • Macon-Burgy (11 hectares, 8 white, 3 red)
  • Macon-Saint Gengoux-le-National (7 hectares, 2 white, 5 red)
  • Macon-Montbellet (7 hectares, all white)

Some Examples

Macon Verze – A region with geographical denomination, featuring mainly white wines (48 hectares, c. 211,000 btls) and some red wines (7 ha, c. 36,000 btls). The varieties are Chardonnay and Gamay.

Notable producer: Domaine de la Jobeline, making Chardonnay wines on clay-loam and sandy soils on limestone bedrock. Soils are ploughed and vines pruned by the “Macconais arc” method with mechanical harvest.

Bourgogne Cote du Couchois – Region with geographical denomination located in the north-east of the Cote Chalonnaise region, covering 8.35 hectares of red Pinot Noir wines, making roughly 50,000 bottles.

Notable producer: Cave de Mazenay associated with the appellation since 2017. Soil is mainly limestone from the Jurassic period on 30 acres with another 50 acre plot of mixed limestone and clay. The estate practices sustainable farming and is cautious about being environmental. No insecticide has been used for 25 years. Harvest is done by hand and wines are barrel aged.

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